These are Juveniles Tried/Sentenced as Adults Resources.
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Juvenile Justice (U.S.) || Juvenile Justice (International)
Juvenile Corrections || Youth Violence
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US state asks: should a 15-year-old murderer spend his life in jail?
"At sentencing, Judge Scott DeWitt had no choice but to hand down life imprisonment without parole, the mandatory punishment for first-degree murder in Michigan.
"It's obvious to me that we can't, as a society, say that 15-year-old children should be held to the same standards as adults," he said. "Our law provides this. I think the law is wrong."
Changing the law on juveniles
In a series of four comparatively recent cases, the United States Supreme Court has come around to DeWitt's point of view, ruling that because they are impulsive, poor at assessing consequences and susceptible to peer pressure, juveniles must not be subject to the law's harshest punishments."
The Age (Australia), April 8, 2018
Young people devoured by jail
"This will be the third year that Gov. Cuomo attempts to convince the legislature to raise the age of adult criminal responsibility to 18, a reform whose chances have improved with the support of the breakaway Independent Democratic Conference that plays an instrumental role in the state Senate."
NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, February 13, 2017.
Wisc. judge orders 'Slender Man' girls to stand trial as adults for attempted murder
"Two young Wisconsin girls accused of stabbing their classmate to please the horror character Slender Man must stand trial as adults for attempted homicide, a judge ruled Friday.
Both girls face a count of being a party to attempted first-degree intentional homicide, which automatically places them in adult court under Wisconsin law. They each could face up to 65 years in the state prison system if convicted. Both defendants and the victim, Payton Leutner, were 12 at the time of the stabbing."
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS, March 14, 2015.
Brothers charged in stabbing deaths of 5 Okla. family members
"TULSA, Okla. - First-degree murder charges were formally filed Friday against two Oklahoma brothers accused in the stabbing deaths of their parents and three siblings.
Robert Davis Bever, 18, and Michael John Bever, 16, were each charged with five counts of first-degree murder in the July 22 deaths of their parents, David Bever, 52, and April Bever, 44, and their siblings, Daniel Bever, 12; Christopher Bever, 7; and Victoria Bever, 5."
www.cbsnews.com, July 31, 2015.
California teen charged as an adult in murder of 8-year-old Madyson Middleton
"A 15-year-old boy has been charged as an adult in the murder of 8-year-old Madyson Middleton.
Adrian Jerry Gonzalez, who went by A.J., is accused of luring the child to his Santa Cruz, Calif. apartment Sunday evening where she was sexually assaulted and murdered."
NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, July 29, 2015.
Florida man, once nation's youngest convicted murderer, released from prison
" Curtis Jones was just 12 years old when he and his 13-year-old sister killed his father's girlfriend, and he's spent more than 15 years behind bars after pleading guilty to second-degree murder.
Now 29, the prison-raised killer left South Bay Correctional Facility without fanfare at 7 a.m., Florida Today reported."
NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, July 28, 2015.
Youngest convicted killer in U.S. to be released from prison
"Curtis Jones, once the youngest convicted murderer in the nation, is set to be released from a Florida prison more than 15 years after he gunned down his father's girlfriend."
NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, July 21, 2015.
'Because he was Chinese, he must have money': Teens accused in USC student's beating death admit to attack, cop says
"Four California teens told police they attacked Chinese graduate student Xinran Ji in July because 'he must have money,' a detective said in court Wednesday. The 24–year–old engineering student was bludgeoned with a bat as he walked home from a late-night study group. The suspects, between the ages of 16 and 19, are all charged as adults."
Daily News, January 15, 2015.
Florida sisters, 11 and 15, charged with killing their 16–year–old brother
"'This is the stuff nightmares are made of' said Columbia County Sheriff Mark Hunter at an afternoon press conference. 'This is really, really a sad case.'
Prosecutors have not yet decided whether to charge the eldest girl as an adult. According to Florida state law, prosecutors have the option of charging juveniles as adults if they are over the age of 14.
Ariel admitted to shooting her brother, authorities said. He had locked her into her bedroom after beating her on Monday, she said. Her younger sister later unlocked the door.
Hunter said officers had been to the Kornegay house three times in recent years, once for an abuse call involving the teenage girl. The matter was turned over to children's service workers. The outcome was not known Wednesday. The eldest girl had previously been locked in her room by her parents with only a bucket to use as a toilet, Hunter said. Her parents had also pulled her out of school, he said."
Daily News, January 07, 2015.
De Blasio announces end of teen solitary confinement after touring city's jail system
"The mayor's reforms will see young inmates who make trouble lose other privileges or be moved to specialized housing units with extra therapy services."
Daily News, December 18, 2014.
Seventy years later, South Carolina judge exonerates black teen who was executed
"George Stinney, 14, was electrocuted in 1944 after a 3–hour trial for the murders of two white girls. There was no physical evidence, no witnesses and no appeal."
Daily News, December 17, 2014.
Pennsylvania 10–year–old accused of killing 90–year–old misses his mom, finds adult jail scary: lawyer
"Tristen Kurilla, of Damascus Township, has been held in the adult facility ever since the October beating death of Helen Novak. He is one of the youngest ever to face an adult homicide charge in Pennsylvania."
Daily News, December 11, 2014.
SC kid never got a fair trial in slayings
" Stinney's trial began and ended on April 24, a month after the murders. No physical evidence linked him to the crime, so his prosecution hinged on the confession.
The defense attorney, Charles Plowden, 33, did not challenge the confession. Instead, he claimed Stinney was too young for a murder conviction. It was a wasted argument since state law said 14–year–olds could be charged as adults.
The jury, 12 white men, convicted Stinney in 10 minutes. They recommend no mercy, and the boy was sentenced to die."
Daily News, December 06, 2014.
Is adult court right place for 12–year–old suspects in 'Slender Man' stabbing? (+ video)
"A Wisconsin prosecutor says evidence of premeditation warrants charging two girls, 12, as adults in a horrific stabbing case. Others say the girls' fantastical motive, involving a fictional Slender Man, indicates otherwise. Here's the trend in prosecuting juveniles as adults."
Christian Science Monitor, June 04, 2014.
- Pre–teen defendant incompetent to proceed in "Slenderman" case
"Two doctors have concluded that Morgan Geyser was incompetent, according to the results of mental evaluations disclosed in court on Wednesday. Geyser and Anissa Weier, both 12, have been charged as adults in the stabbing of their friend in a park in late May."
Reuters Press, July 02, 2014.
- Doctor: Girl, 12, competent in Slenderman case
"WAUKESHA, Wis. (AP)—A state doctor believes the mental condition of one of two girls accused of repeatedly stabbing a classmate to please the fictional horror character Slender Man has improved, and the 12–year–old is fit to stand trial, a Wisconsin judge said Wednesday."
Associated Press, November 13, 2014.
La. Supreme Court: Juvenile killers not eligible for new sentences
The Advocate, November 06, 2013
Paul Henry Gingerich, Convicted Of Murder As Adult At Age 12, Could Be Retried As Juvenile
Huffington Post, March 08, 2013
Judge: California boy murdered neo–Nazi dad, knew it was wrong
This is California, where race–war is the standard in all penal institutions. Which car is this kid going to be able to get into?"
CNN, January 14, 2013
High Court Rejects Mandatory Life Sentences for Juveniles
Wall Street Journal, June 25, 2012
Defense: 12-year-old charged in toddler's death was abused, neglected as child
Florida Times-Union, June 03, 2011
Juvenile Life Without Parole: Review of Sentences
Policy statement from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April 2011
Boy, 12, faces grown-up murder charges
CNN, February 10, 2010
Sniper Malvo Sentenced to Life Without Parole
CNN, May 5, 2004
Panhandle Boys Indicted For Murdering Father
Associated Press, December 12, 2001
- Deputy Fired Over Friendship in Boys' Murder Case
Associated Press, March 24, 2002
- Love Letter Found on Wall of Chavis' Cell
Pensacola News Journal, April 03, 2002
- Chavis Charged in King Murder
Gulf Herald, April 10, 2002
- Chavis Indicted for King Murder
Pensacola News Journal, April 12, 2002
- Florida Boys Convicted in Father's Death
New York Times, September 07, 2002
- Boys' Convictions in Dad's Killing Thrown Out
CNN, October 18, 2002
- 2 FL Boys Get Reduced Jail Sentences
Los Angeles Times, November 14, 2002
Death Penalty For Juveniles Under Scrutiny
Christian Science Monitor, August 27, 2002
Ruling Opens Way For Young Convicts
Palm Beach Post, July 25, 2002
Age For Executions Raised to 18
Indianapolis Star, March 27, 2002
Court Upholds Life in Prison For Teenager
Florida Times–Union, February 07, 2002
Revised Young Offenders Act Soon to Be Law
Toronto Star, February 04, 2002
Young Inmates Found to Keep Life of Crime
Miami Herald, July 31, 2001
Group Decries Pending Texas Execution
Associated Press, July 31, 2001
Boy Who Shot Teacher Convicted of Murder
Associated Press, May 16, 2001
States Adjust Adult Prisons to Needs of Youth Inmates
New York Times, July 25, 2001
"He Was Protecting Me"
Hartford Courant, July 10, 2001
NJ Supreme Court Affirms Lower Court in Advancing Killer's Parole Eligibility
The Associated Press, June 14, 2001
New Bill Protects Kids In Prison
Miami Herald, May 04, 2001
Tough Juvenile Sentencing Getting Second Look
Reuters, May 18, 2001
Americans Want Child Criminals Sentenced As Kids
Reuters, March 28, 2001
Kids in Prison, Part 1
The Miami Herald, March 18, 2001
The Latest Trend in Child Sexual Exploitation: Rape in Adult Prisons
A report from Joanne Mariner, FindLaw columnist, attorney, and deputy director of the Americas division of Human Rights Watch, regarding juveniles sentenced to adult penal institutions, and their increased vulnerability to sexual assault and exploitation as a result (January 25, 2001).
17 Executed for Crimes as Juveniles
Associated Press, December 03, 2000
Age Raising Ethical Questions
Associated Press, December 03, 2000
Youth Among Us: Addressing Youthful Offenders
Article from National Institute of Corrections regarding youthful offenders in adult prisons, February 22, 1999
Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions
Report by the Office for Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention, December 1998
Juvenile Felony Defendants in Criminal Courts. State Court Processing Statistics, 1990-94
Special report regarding juveniles transferred to adult criminal courts from the Office of Juvenile Justice at the U.S. DOJ (September 1998)
Juvenile Competency To Stand Trial: Questions in an Era of Punitive Reform
Report regarding juveniles tried and sentenced as adults, from the A.B.A.'s Juvenile Justice Center, Fall 1997
Paying For Our Inaction
by Andrew Vachss, New York Newsday, April 28, 1989
Serious, Violent, and Habitual Juvenile Offenders
Text of a speech given by Andrew Vachss at an Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention workshop (January-February 1983)
Child Abuse: A Ticking Bomb
by Andrew Vachss, Change: A Juvenile
Justice Quarterly, Vol. V, No. 3, 1982
The Life-Style Violent Juvenile
by Andrew Vachss, 5/1 Change 10, 1981
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COMMENTARY and OPINION
Little Adult Criminals
New York Times, May 23, 2001
Society Abandons Nathaniel Brazill
The Miami Herald, May 09, 2001
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(click here for Articles/Information/Research)
ABA Juvenile Justice Center
American Bar Association
740 15th Street, NW, 7th Floor
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: (202) 662.1506
Justice for Children
2600 Southwest Freeway, Suite 806
Houston, TX 77098
Phone: (713) 225-4357
Justice for Children is a national non-profit organization which advocates for childrens' rights and protection from abuse through public education, development of effective intervention and prevention strategies, and legal advocacy.
Juvenile Info Network
JIN is intended to encourage communications among juvenile justice professionals and to foster the development of new reform programs in systems at the state and local levels.
National Center for Juvenile Justice
710 Fifth Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15219
Phone: (412) 227-6955
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Phone: (301) 519-5500
TTY local: (301) 947-8374
TTY Toll-free: (877) 712-9279
The NCJRS is an extensive source of information on criminal and juvenile justice, providing services to an international community of policymakers and professionals.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
Phone: (202) 307-5911
The OJJDP is the office of the U.S. Department of Justice responsible for working with states and communities to develop programs to prevent and control juvenile delinquency.
The Sentencing Project
Juveniles in Adult Criminal Courts
Washington, D.C. 20004
Phone: (202) 628-0871
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